Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Tombstone Tuesday - J.O. and Louise Rutter

Louise Abell
Wife of 
J.O. Rutter
Jan. 27, 1886
Mar. 16, 1913

J.O. Rutter
Feb. 28, 1876
Jan. 11, 1949

Buried Smithland Cemetery, Livingston County, Kentucky. Tombstones photographed 2012.

J.O. Rutter and Miss Louise E. Abell married in Smithland 18 October 1906. He was age 30, a banker. He lived in Marshall County, Kentucky, but was born in Livingston County. His parents were J.H. Rutter and Belle Olive. The bride was age 20, born and lived Livingston County. Her parents were J.L. Abell and E. Laura Fort. Her father gave consent for the license to be issued. (Livingston County Marriage Book 1903-1907, pages 406-407)

The obituary of James Hodge Rutter, father of J.O. Rutter, in the 10 July 1913 issue of the Crittenden Record-Press states that he was born in Livingston County 10 March 1852 and married Miss Belle Olive. For 20 years he was engaged in the tobacco and mercantile business. Burial was in Oak Grove Cemetery.

Published 16 September 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog,  http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/

Sunday, September 14, 2014

Tree Roots 2014

J. Mark Lowe, C.G. will be featured speaker at the Tree Roots program on Saturday, 27 September 2014, at Willard Library, 21 First Avenue, Evansville, Indiana. All classes are free and open to the public, but it is suggested that reservations be made with Willard Library

Lowe will lead the following classes:
9:00 a.m  Making Early Census Records Talk to You

10:30 a.m.  Finding Uncle John by Talking to the Neighbors

1:00 p.m.  Road Crews & Jury Selection: Finding an Ancestor Without a Census

2:30 p.m.  Is it Really On-Line? Finding & Using Original Sources at Home or in the Library

This is an opportunity to hear a great, nationally-known genealogist in the beautiful Willard Library.

Lunch will not be provided but there are several nearby restaurants or you may bring a sack lunch.

Published 14 September 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog, http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/

Thursday, September 11, 2014

Follow-Up on 1866 Livingston County Apprenticeships

The following response to the recent post on Indentures of Apprenticeship - Livingston County, Kentucky 1866 has been provided by Janet Hawkins (hawkinsjk1@gmail.com). Information about the Coker family appears in her master's thesis, Slavery, Emancipation, and Afterward.  A Chronicle of the African Americans of Crittenden and Livingston Counties, Kentucky, to 1939, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, 2004.

Ties between white slave-owners and former slaves often endured generations after Emancipation, especially in cases involving mixed-race children.   A Livingston County, Kentucky Court Order Book M  (see 28 August 2014 post) entry illustrates the complexity of race relations in post-Civil War Kentucky: 

Adeline, a free Mulatto, bound as an apprentice to Ann E. Coker until 6 March 1874, when Adeline will be 18 years old, to learn the art & mystery of a spinster. [Bk M:132, 4 June 1866]

Adeline Coker (7 March 1854 - 2 October 1944) was the daughter of Daniel Coker, a Caucasian slave-owner and the husband of the Ann E. Coker mentioned above, and Manda Coker, an enslaved black woman.  The 1860 U.S. Population Census, Slave Schedule, for Livingston County lists Daniel Coker as the owner of a 22-year-old black female, a 6-year-old mulatto female, and a 2-year-old black  male.

Adeline Coker married Edward Crawford at Mrs. Coker's house on 26 December 1879, five years after her apprenticeship had ended.(2) 


According to Addie Bell Crawford(3), Adeline Coker’s granddaughter, Daniel Coker made provisions for Adeline to receive a portion of his Salem property after he died.  Addie Bell inherited this land from her father, James Crawford, in 1961(4), and lived on this land her entire life.

Addie Bell also stated that Adeline’s white half-brother, Charlie Coker, occasionally paid social visits to his half-sister and her family.

Whether Manda Coker remained in contact with Daniel or Ann Coker after Emancipation is currently unknown.  Prior to 1870, she married a black Civil War veteran named Jordan Caldwell and resided in Smithland, Livingston County, in 1880.(5)

(1) Death Certificate, Adeline Crawford, Livingston Co., KY. 
(2) Livingston County, KY Marriage Bonds:  Negroes and Mulattoes, Microfilm #997708.
(3) Personal Interview with Addie Bell Crawford, 2002.
(4) Livingston County, KY Will Book D, Microfilm #997691, 581.
(5) U.S. Population Census, 1870 and 1880.


Published 11 September 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog, http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/

Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Tombstone Tuesday - Dr. Henry H. and Mary L. Duley


Duley
Dr. Henry H.
Duley Sr.
1840 - 1927

Mary L. Handlin
His Wife
1840 - 1894
At Rest

Buried in Smithland Cemetery, Livingston County, Kentucky. Tombstone photographed 8 June 2012.

H.H. Duley and Miss Mary L. Handlin married 20 October 1864 in Livingston County and first appear together on the 1870 Livingston County census with their daughter, Caroline, age 2.

Published 9 September 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog,  http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/

Friday, September 5, 2014

George Washington Hayward (1836 - 1864)

Two of the most interesting tombstones in the Leeper Cemetery in Livingston County, Kentucky are those of George Washington Hayward and his first wife, Martha "Mattie" McCarter.  These tombstones rest under a tree, surrounded by an iron fence.



Front of monument of G.W. Hayward


Reverse side of monument of G.W. Hayward

E.J.H. - initials of Edward J. Hayward (1864-1940),
 who most likely had these monuments erected.

Front of tombstone of Mattie Hayward


Reverse of monument of Mattie Hayward

George Washington Hayward was the son of James Hayward and Sarah Beverly, who left Jefferson County, Kentucky and settled in Smithland, Livingston County. G.W. was not the only member of his family to be involved in the steamboat business. His brother, Napoleon B. Hayward and his brother in law, Nathaniel F. Drew, were both steamboat captains on the Ohio River.

G.W. Hayward married Martha McCarter 31 December 1856 Livingston County, Kentucky and she died 25 July 1857 at the age of 24 years. On 4 November 1863, Hayward married Emma Shelby in Henderson, Kentucky. To this union was born one child, Edward J. Hayward, who was a banker for many years in Marion, Crittenden County. Emma Shelby Hayward died 25 January 1930. Emma, her son, Edward, and other members of his family are buried in Mapleview Cemetery in Marion.

Published 5 September 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog, http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/

Tuesday, September 2, 2014

Tombstone Tuesday - Rice Family


Tombstones of the Rice Family
Fredonia Cemetery
Caldwell County, Kentucky.

Benjamin G. Rice died June 10, 1840, aged 50 years, 7 mo, 15 days

Mary Z. Rice died Sept. 5, 1835, aged 15 years, 8 mo, 10 days

Robert H. Rice died June 16, 1840, aged 18 years, 1 mo, 27 days

Sarah A. Rice born May 21, 1791, died Sept. 16, 1872

Joseph G. Rice departed this life July 25, 1840, aged 15 years, 6 mos, 10 days


Tombstones photographed 15 March 2013.

Published 2 September 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog,  http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/

Thursday, August 28, 2014

Indentures of Apprenticeship - Livingston County 1866

After the Civil War, many children were left with no one to care for them, especially those who were formerly slaves. If the family could not assume the care of indigent children, they were often bound out to learn a trade. Former slave children were often apprenticed to their former owners, thus continuing their servitude to their former master. Male children, both white and black, were apprenticed until they were age 21 and females until they were age 18. The master was to provide proper medical attention, food and clothing and teach the apprentice to read and write or pay him $100 and a good suit of clothes at the termination of his apprenticeship. White children were provided educational opportunities more often than black children. In exchange, the apprentice was to serve his master faithfully, honestly and with propriety. The indenture was between the county clerk and the master. [1]  The following information can be found in Livingston County, Kentucky Court Order Book M. The number following the Book is the page number and the date is the date of the court session.

Henry Trimble of color bound as an apprentice unto Isaac Trimble until 1 April 1882, when Henry will arrive at the age of 21 years, to learn the art & mystery of a farmer.  [Bk M:127, 7 May 1866]

Willis Trimble of color bound as an apprentice to Isaac Trimble until 1 January 1873, when he will be 21 years old, to learn the art & mystery of a farmer. [Bk M:128, 7 May 1866]

Robert Trimble of color bound as an apprentice to Isaac Trimble until 1 February 1875, when he will be 21 years old, to learn the art & trade of a farmer. [Bk M:129, 7 May 1866]

Richard Pringle of color bound as an apprentice to W.H. Adcock until 8 October 1873, when Richard will be 21 years of age, to learn the art & mystery of a farmer. [Bk M:130, 7 May 1866]

Adeline, a free Mulatto, bound as an apprentice to Ann E. Coker until 6 March 1874, when Adeline will be 18 years old, to learn the art & mystery of a spinster. [Bk M:132, 4 June 1866]

William Wood of color bound as an apprentice to John C. Wood until 2 July 1879, when William will have arrived at the age of 21 years, being on the 2nd day of July 1866 eight years of age, to learn the art & mystery of farming. [Bk M:133, 2 July 1866]

John Cotiller bound as an apprentice to T.J. Faulkner until 5 November 1877, when John will be 21 years of age, to learn the art & mystery of a farmer. [Bk E:134,  5 November 1866]

Francis Marion Hall bound as an apprentice unto U.G. Berry until - day of April 1879, when he will be age 21  years, to learn the art & mystery of a farmer. [Bk E:135,  5 November 1866]

Cassander Carney bound as an apprentice to unto Wiley Spell until 5 November 1876, when she will be 18 years old, to learn the art & mystery of a spinster. [Bk M:136,  5 November 1866]

George Cotiller apprenticed to T.J. Faulkner until 5 November 1879, when George will be 21 years of age, to learn the art & mystery of a farmer. [Bk M:137,  5 November 1866]

Milly Canada, a Negro girl, bound as an apprentice to B.S. Canada until 5 November 1878, when Milly will be 18 years of age, to learn the art & mystery of a spinster. [Bk M:138, 5 November 1866]



 [1] Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, Chapter 621, An Act to Amend Article 1, chapter 64, Revised Statutes, title "Master and Apprentice," approved 16 February 1866.

Published 28 August 2014, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog,  http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/