When the United States entered World War I in 1917, the Army Nurse Corp was only 17 years old. There were only 403 nurses on active duty and 170 on reserve duty at that time. One of those nurses was Martha Emma Hill.
Miss Hill graduated from Henderson, Kentucky Hospital shortly after the turn of the 19th century and served there as a nurse before going on active duty during the war. Miss Hill enlisted 15 July 1918 and was discharged 30 May 1919. She was stationed at Base Hospital #59 in France. 
After the war, Miss Hill was a nurse for the Babies Milk Fund, which later became the Public Health Nursing Association. She was also a private duty nurse before retiring in 1948.
The daughter of Virgel James Hill and Martha Jane Austin, Miss Hill was born 25 September 1874 in Kentucky and died 17 November 1959 Evansville, Vanderburgh County, Indiana. Survivors included two sisters, Mrs. Rose Galloway and Mrs. Luzetta Freeman, both of Evansville. A bronze government marker is over her grave in Lot 520, Space 2 in Fernwood Cemetery, Henderson.
 "Army Nurse Corps: Introduction, Purpose and Introduction to Contribute Content," The United States World War I Centennial Commission, https:www.worldwar1centennial.org, accessed 9 Dec 2018.
 Obituary, Miss Emma Hill, Evansville Press, 18 Nov 1959, p. 6.
 U.S. Headstone Applications for Military Veterans, 1925-1963, Martha Emma Hill, Ancestry.com, accessed 9 Dec 2018.
 Obituary, Miss Emma Hill.
 Indiana Certificate of Death #59 038818, Martha Emma Hill, Ancestry.com, accessed 9 Dec 2018.
Published 7 Feb 2019, Western Kentucky Genealogy Blog, http://wkygenealogy.blogspot.com/